Agricultural subsidies in the United States and their effect on two annual Chilean crops: corn and wheat Report as inadecuate




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The development strategies for Chile have been oriented toward a greater commercial openness. Chile and the United States signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) that has triggered controversies between producers directed to the internal market due to the production and export subsidies that this country carries out. This study analyzed the effect of subsidies granted by the United States to wheat (Tritricum aestivum) and corn (Zeamays) growers (Farm Bill 2002). For the study, Technical Standard sheet were drawn up, from which were determined the direct production costs and the gross margins. The variables used (market prices, subsidies, freight costs and tariffs) and determining the average variable costs allowed us to do a sensitivity analysis, thus establishing the minimum level of produc-tion that national farmers must achieve in order to maintain competitive-ness while a free trade is in force. The signing of a trade agreement could provoke the eventual withdrawal of many Chilean producers from the busi-ness arena while at the same time, favoring consumers with lower prices for the goods derived from these grains.

Keywords: subsidies ; Protectionism ; Traditional Crops ; Free Trade Agreement ; competitiveness

Variant title: Agricultural subsidies in the United States and their effect on two annual Chilean crops: corn and wheat

Subject(s): Agribusiness

Issue Date: Sep 30 2006

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/160613 Published in: Brazilian Journal of Rural Economy and Sociology (Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural-RESR), Volume 44, Number 3 Page range: 437-466

Total Pages: 30

JEL Codes: Q18

Series Statement: Volume 44

Number 3

Record appears in: Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) > Brazilian Journal of Rural Economy and Sociology (Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural-RESR)





Author: Osorio, José Díaz ; Rojas, Roberto Jara

Source: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/160613?ln=en







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