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The theme of this paper is the impact of participation in anenvironmental scheme on the host SME and the measurement of otherentrepreneurial activity associated with the same SMEs. The followingwork objectives were adopted: To examine a representative sub sampleof these SME participants and non-participants in the Shropshire HillsEnvironmentally Sensitive Area (SHESA) and to conduct a longitudinalstudy over the 23 year period 1986 to 2009 of farming and enterprise inthe families concerned.Busenitz, Gomez and Spencer (2000) inform the study in their conceptualframework, relating the institutional perspective of entrepreneurship(regulatory, cognitive and normative) with the sample taken for thisresearch. The conceptual framework of McElwee (2008) and the earlierwork of Carter (1998) are applied to classify the actions of the farmerSMEs with relation to their entrepreneurial activities.A longitudinal study of a stratified random sample of rural SMEsin the Shropshire Hills was undertaken in 1997 with 43 face to faceinterviews. A telephone survey of the same sample was carried out in2008. Four face to face interviews with farmer SMEs were carried outin 2009.The evidence shows that the participants in the environmental schemefarmed more intensively than the non-participant group. Participationin the environmental scheme did not appear to be an aspect of or toenhance farmers’ entrepreneurial tendencies. The work has implications for agencies involved with increasingentrepreneurial capacity and promoting responsible businessbehaviour and corporate social responsibility in SMEs and withfarmers and consultants.

Keywords: Environmentally Sensitive Area ; rural entrepreneurship ; ruralenterprise ; institutional perspective ; pluriactivity ; farm diversification

Subject(s): Agribusiness

Environmental Economics and Policy

Farm Management

Issue Date: 2012-11

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: Page range: 233-248

Total Pages: 17

Record appears in: Africa Farm Management Association (AFMA) > 2012 Eighth AFMA Congress, November 25-29, 2012, Nairobi, Kenya

Autor: Tate, Graham


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