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Tobacco production has a long tradition in R. Macedonia. It is an industrial crop with over 70% share in thetotal industrial crops area, and an average share of some 30%, in total agricultural export. As a labor intensivecrop, it provides employment for the rural population and presents a social buffer for the economy and thecurrent high unemployment rate in the country. The aggressive policies against smoking propose reductionof tobacco production, thus solution for its replacement ought to be considered for the tobacco producers inthe country. The aim of this research is to investigate the competitiveness of the tobacco sector in the countrybased on the Porter Diamond competitiveness approach, complemented with the Ballasa index of comparativeadvantage. Based on the prevailing positive aspects in the competitiveness model, and the high values of theindex ranging from seven to over nine for the period 2005-2010; much higher compared to selected countriesin the region (Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey), our findings confirm that the country has favorable conditions andcompetitive advantage for producing tobacco



.Proizvodnja duhana ima dugu tradiciju u Republici Makedoniji. To je industrijska biljka s preko 70% udjela na ukupnom broju površina pod industrijskim i s prosječnim udjelom od oko 30% u ukupnom izvozu poljoprivrednih proizvoda. Kao zahtjevna biljka, osigurava posao ruralnoj populaciji i daje socijalnu zaštitu ekonomiji i trenutnoj visokoj stopi nezaposlenosti u zemlji. Agresivne kampanje protiv pušenja predlažu smanjenje proizvodnje duhana, stoga bi se trebalo pronaći rješenje čime bi ga proizvođači duhana u zemlji mogli zamijeniti. Cilj ovoga istraživanja bilo je istražiti konkurentnost duhanskog sektora u zemlji analizom konkurentnosti pomoću Porter Diamondovog modela, nadopunjenog Ballasa indeksom komparativnih prednosti. Na temelju prevladavajućih pozitivnih aspekata u modelu konkuretnosti visoke vrijednosti indeksa su u rasponu od sedam do preko devet za razdoblje od 2005.-2010.; puno više, ako se usporedi s nekim zemljana u regiji (Grčka, Bugarska, Turska). Naši rezultati potvrđuju da zemlja ima povoljne uvjete i kompetitivne prednosti za proizvodnju duhana.

Keywords: Ballasa index ; competitive advantage ; competitiveness ; tobacco ; Porter Diamond ; Ballasa indeks ; kompetitivne prednosti ; konkurentnost ; duhan

Variant title: Analiza konkurentnosti u duhanskom podsektoru u Republici Makedoniji

Subject(s): Industrial Organization

International Relations/Trade

Livestock Production/Industries

Issue Date: 2013-09

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/172560 Published in: Agroeconomia Croatica, Volume 03, Number 1 Page range: 53-60

Total Pages: 8

Record appears in: Croatian Society of Agricultural Economists > Agroeconomia Croatica





Autor: Tuna, Emelj ; Georgiev, Nenad ; Nacka, Marina

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/172560?ln=en







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