LARGE SCALE LAND ACQUISITIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - OPPORTUNITIES, THREATS AND INSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND FOOD SECURITY Reportar como inadecuado




LARGE SCALE LAND ACQUISITIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - OPPORTUNITIES, THREATS AND INSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND FOOD SECURITY - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Large scale land acquisitions for food and biofuel production by (mostly foreign) agro-industrialinvestors have surged as a substantial phenomenon in developing countries in the last 2-3 years.Already 30 million hectares or half of Europe’s agricultural land are said to have been bought orleased, much of it in poor and poorly governed countries in Subsahara Africa.Although food presently seems to dominate motivations for land acquisitions, in the end food andbiofuel production are two sides of the same coin if it comes to large scale land acquisitions: Theyfundamentally change the access of local populations to natural resources, the way resources are used,and the way production and incomes are organised, owned and distributed, not to talk about thechanges of ways of live of rural populations. In addition, often production and raw materials can beeasily switched between different purposes.Due to the size of these acquisitions there are justified fears that they can substantially harm ruraldevelopment and food security in the affected countries. On the other hand, these investments bringdesperately needed capital, innovation, market access and jobs into rural areas which are often notideal worlds but marked by poverty, food insecurity and long-term soil mining and resourcedegradation.The present article discusses whether large scale land acquisition can be expected to be a long termphenomenon, which opportunities and threats exist for different actors, and which institutionalchallenges have to be dealt with if such investments are to be development-friendly. It is based on acase study on bioenergy potential in Namibia and an analysis of the literature. Unfortunately, the latteris of limited value for the time being because details of land acquisition deals are generally not open topublic scrutiny. Thus, the key conclusion is that more transparency in this kind of deals isindispensable. In addition, existing land and user rights as well as compensation mechanisms have tobe carefully respected, food security clauses have to be integrated into international trade, investmentagreements and investment contracts, land use management, environmental and biosafety rules mustbe respected, provisions for risk management, moderation and litigation should be formulated, andoverall policy coordination is important to make large scale land investments development friendly.

Subject(s): Community/Rural/Urban Development

Food Security and Poverty

International Development

Issue Date: 2010

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/188080

Total Pages: 18

Record appears in: International Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research (ICABR) > 14th ICABR Conference, June 16-18, 2010, Ravello, Italy





Autor: Brüntrup, Michael

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/188080?ln=en







Documentos relacionados