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This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the levels of agricultural modernization and socioeconomicindicators of the Brazilian federation units. A multivariate approach to data analysis led to the creation of the Index ofAgricultural Modernization (IAM). The Spearman correlation test was used to verify the relationship between levels ofagricultural modernization and a set of economic and social indicators. As a result of the survey, we obtained the Index ofAgricultural Modernization (IAM) which allowed the ranking of Brazilian states in terms of level of modernization. Thecorrelation analysis demonstrated the existence of significant and positive correlation between the agricultural modernizationand the following indicators: per capita GDP, trade balance per capita and IFDM. This means that agricultural modernizationcontributes to increased production, exports and the levels of socioeconomic development of the states. For the variableurbanization rate, test results showed a negative correlation with the IAM, which suggests a contribution of agriculturalmodernization for fixing people in the countryside. Indicators of inequality in income distribution showed no significantcorrelation. In conclusion, it can be inferred that the positive relationship of the IAM with indicators of production, exports andsocioeconomic development shows the presence of positive externalities and impacts of the agricultural modernization processfor the Brazilian states.

Keywords: multivariate analysis ; agricultural modernization ; socioeconomic indicators ; externalities

Subject(s): Agricultural and Food Policy

Research Methods/ Statistical Methods

Issue Date: Nov 01 2012

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/138128 Published in: APSTRACT: Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, Volume 06, Number 3-4 Page range: 53-62

Total Pages: 10

Series Statement: 6

3-4

Record appears in: International MBA Network in Agribusiness and Commerce (AGRIMBA) > APSTRACT: Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce





Autor: Costa, Caio Cesar de Medeiros ; Reis, Paulo Ricardo da Costa ; Ferreira, Marco Aurelio Marques

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/138128?ln=en







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