Gender Role Attitudes among Higher Education Students in a Borderland Central-Eastern European Region Called PartiumReport as inadecuate

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Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, v4 n2 p49-70 2014

In this paper, we examine the attitudes towards gender roles among higher education students in a borderland Central-Eastern European region. We used the database of "The Impact of Tertiary Education on Regional Development" project (N = 602, 2010). We intend to determine what kind of attitudes towards gender roles the students identify themselves with, what affects these attitudes (gender, faculty type, social background of students, locality type, religiosity), and finally what kind of educational policy implications could be relevant concerning our findings. We have used cluster analysis and a logistic regression model, and formulated several hypotheses that were controlled by these methods. Our results show that there are a large number of students who belong to the more traditional attitude cluster in this region, but women more frequently identify themselves with modern gender roles than men do. The faculty-type effect has only been partly detected. We have found that with "male-dominated" majors, both women and men identify themselves with more traditional attitudes and that with "female-dominated" majors all students have more modern attitudes. The effect of social background is contradictory. Those whose parents had larger numbers of books had increased modern attitudes, but the factor "regular financial problems in the family" also increased it. Our next result is that students who live in villages are not more traditional than others, because they live in cities during their studies. Our final result is that churchly religious students think more traditionally regarding gender roles than others do, but those who are religious in their own way do not.

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Role, Student Attitudes, College Students, Geographic Regions, Educational Policy, Multivariate Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Hypothesis Testing, Traditionalism, Gender Differences, Majors (Students), Socioeconomic Background, Financial Problems, Rural Population, Urban Population, Religious Factors, Statistical Analysis

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Education. University of Ljubljana Kardeljeva plošcad 16. Slovenia. Tel: +386-1-5892-344; e-mail: editors[at]; Web site:

Author: Fényes, Hajnalka


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