Assessment of Risk Factors for Truancy of Children in Grades K-12 Using Survival AnalysisReport as inadecuate

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Journal of At-Risk Issues, v17 n2 p23-30 2013

Truancy is an important issue facing U.S. school systems as it is known that students who are truant are more likely to participate in criminal activity later in life (Baker, Sigmon & Nugent, 2001; Henry & Thornberry, 2010). This study examines recent data from students at 21 schools within a large midwestern school district. Survival analysis is used to quantitatively assess risk factors for truancy. Findings indicated that students having lower socioeconomic statuses are at greater risk for truancy. Both age and special education status also impact truancy risk. Students who transfer to a different school, even within the same district, show increased risk of truancy as well. Implications of these risk factors are discussed and suggestions for the direction of future research are offered.

Descriptors: Truancy, Attendance Patterns, At Risk Students, Elementary Secondary Education, School Districts, Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Groups, Age Differences, Special Education, Transfer Students, Statistical Analysis, Student Records, Racial Differences, Limited English Speaking

National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. Clemson University, 209 Martin Street, Clemson, SC 29631. Tel: 864-56-599; Fax: 864-656-0136; e-mail: ndpc[at]; Web site:

Author: Nolan, Joseph R.; Cole, Tarah; Wroughton, Jacqueline; Clayton-Code, Kimberly P.; Riffe, Holly A.


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