Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Land Tenure, Household Resource Allocation, and Nutrition in the Philippines Reportar como inadecuado

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Over the past several years IFPRI has undertaken research on the production,consumption, and nutrition effects of agricultural commercialization in The Gambia,Guatemala, Kenya, the Philippines, and Rwanda. While it is widely recognized that thecommercialization of agriculture is essential to overall economic development, variousrural population groups adapt differently to the process of commercialization, dependingon the resources available to them, economic and social conditions, and governmentpolicies. Many households benefit in the form of higher incomes; others may suffer adecline in income. A particular concern of policymakers has been the effect ofcommercialization on nutrition.The purpose of these studies has been to analyze the process of commercializationin order to identify key factors that determine nutritional outcomes, with the objective offormulating policies to enhance the beneficial effects of commercialization and minimizethe harmful effects.The present report by Howarth E. Bouis and Lawrence J. Haddad presents thefindings for the Philippine case study, located in an area on the southern island ofMindanao where a substantial number of households converted lands from corn tosugarcane production after construction of a sugar mill. The main effects of theintroduction of export cropping in this area were a significant deterioration in access toland as smallholder corn tenant farms using primarily family labor were consolidatedinto larger sugar farms using primarily hired labor; an increase in incomes forhouseholds that grew sugarcane; a decline in women's participation in own-farmproduction; and very little improvement in nutritional status as a result of increasedincomes from sugarcane production, primarily because of the high levels of preschoolersickness in the sugarcane-growing households.The difficulty of generalizing as to the varied effects of agricultural commercializationis brought out by a comparison with the case study for Kenya (see IFPRI ResearchReport 63 by Eileen Kennedy and Bruce Cogill), where farmers also switched frommaize to sugarcane production. In that African setting, where land is often relativelyabundant and labor scarce compared with many situations in Asia, women increasedtheir participation in own-farm production as sugarcane was introduced. Yet there areimportant similarities as well. As all of the commercialization studies have confirmed,poor health and sanitation conditions are a serious constraint to the improved nutritionthat increases in income might otherwise have made possible.

Keywords: Agriculture ; Economic aspects ; Philippines ; Produce trade ; Land tenure ; Household ; Nutrition

Subject(s): Consumer/Household Economics

Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety

Land Economics/Use

Issue Date: 1990

Publication Type: Report

DOI and Other Identifiers: 0-89629-081-6 (Other)

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/42164

Total Pages: 76

Series Statement: Research Report


Record appears in: CGIAR > International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) > Research Reports

Autor: Bouis, Howarth E. ; Haddad, Lawrence James

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/42164?ln=en

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