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Electronic Journal of e-Learning, v10 n1 p76-89 2012

A mobile learning research project was conducted in Trinidad and Tobago to determine if mobile learning can assist high school students in learning mathematics. Several innovative techniques were used in this research to address the problem of high failure rates of mathematics in high schools in the Caribbean. A mobile learning application was developed based on a subset of the high school mathematics curriculum used in the English-speaking Caribbean. Game-based learning, personalization and multiple learning strategies were used in conjunction with mobile learning to assist students in improving their performance in mathematics. Three evaluation studies were conducted with the mobile learning application. During the studies, usage data was captured automatically by the system and this was used to determine the extent to which the students actually used the mobile application. At the end of each study, a questionnaire was used to capture student opinions of the mobile learning application. Questionnaire data is based solely on student responses and there is no guarantee of its accuracy and reliability. This paper focuses on the responses of the students to the questionnaire and seeks to determine if the usage data can increase the reliability of the questionnaire data. It summarizes the behaviour patterns of the students gleaned from the usage logs and compares this to the students' responses to the questionnaire. Generally it was found that the students' responses agreed with the usage data, though there were occasions when the responses diverged. (Contains 9 figures and 3 tables.)

Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Mathematics Curriculum, Student Attitudes, Learning Strategies, Questionnaires, Foreign Countries, Educational Technology, Computer Simulation, Correlation, High School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Games, Teaching Methods, Handheld Devices, Telecommunications

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Autor: Kalloo, Vani; Mohan, Permanand


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