Parental Involvement in the Secondary Schools in Bangladesh: Challenges and a Way ForwardReport as inadecuate

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International Journal of Whole Schooling, v10 n2 p1-18 2014

Parental involvement with secondary schools is a relatively new concept in the Bangladeshi education perspective. The formation of School Management Committee (SMC) and various programs carried out by the secondary schools have created opportunities for parents as community members to be involved in secondary schools in Bangladesh. This article reports the processes of parental involvement in the secondary schools in Bangladesh. Consequently, we aimed to access to the perceptions and experiences of different stakeholders in Bangladesh to explore how parents' are being involved in children's education, and how secondary schools are using different strategies to form partnerships with parents'. A qualitative approach was used in which data were collected through in-depth interview from seven different stakeholders of the society and policy documents. We used thematic analysis to analyse the data. The result suggested parents experience different issues related to students learning and success, and contributing to school improvement. To build a relationship with parents, schools used limited strategies like organise parents' convention and form parents committee. The school also often used telephone and email to communicate with parents. The lack of awareness of both parents and schools and overloaded teaching stuff are found as the major challenges of involving parents at secondary level. It also identified different areas of parental involvement including introducing progress report, notebook system, consultation program, home visit, and annual gathering and cultural program need to be developed further in order to build strong partnerships between parents' and schools.

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Participation, Secondary Schools, Stakeholders, Interviews, Qualitative Research, Committees, Faculty Workload, Electronic Mail, Telecommunications, Partnerships in Education, Student Motivation

Whole Schooling Consortium. Available from: Concordia University College of Alberta. 7128 Ada Boulevard, Edmonton, AB T5B 4E4, Canada. e-mail: wholeschooling[at]; Web site:

Author: Kabir, Ariful Haq; Akter, Farjana


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