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There have been important changes in the international trade of processed and high-value added food products fromdeveloping countries over the past several decades. One of them has been the emergence of oilseeds and fruits and vegetables,replacing traditional products such as sugar, coffee, and cocoa as the main exports from developing countries. Another trend hasbeen the collapse of African agroindustrial exports and the increase of exports from Asia. The paper highlights key trends, andexplores possible reasons for the trends, focusing on trade policies in less-developed countries (LDCs) and developed countries(DCs). The paper argues that national trade policies and other economic policies appear to have been relatively supportiveof agroindustrial production and exports in Asia. In contrast, policies have had more mixed effects in Latin America and theCaribbean (LAC), and seem to have been just one component in a larger array of forces inhibiting economic developmentin Africa. The performance of agroindustrial production and exports from LDCs may be now more dependent than everon the completion of reforms in the agricultural trade policies of DCs. For Africa, however, a more supportive internationalenvironment and better macroeconomic and trade policies will not be enough to ensure a thriving agroindustrial sector within abroader process of economic development until military confrontations stop. © 2000 Elsevier Science B. V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Agroindustry ; Trade ; Developing countries

Subject(s): Agricultural and Food Policy

International Relations/Trade

Issue Date: 2000-09

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/176206 Published in: Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, Volume 23, Issue 3 Page range: 219-229

Total Pages: 12

Record appears in: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) > Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists





Autor: Diaz-Bonilla, Eugenio ; Reca, Lucio

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/176206?ln=en



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