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This paper assesses the recent changes in rural employment in the OECD countries, highlighting the growing role ofemployment in services and, in some cases, manufacturing activity. In many, but not all, rural areas the secular decline inagricultural employment has been more than counterbalanced by growing employment in these other sectors. However, thediversity of employment growth within and between rural areas is stressed, as are the implications of this diversity for policy.A range of explanations for the relative economic success of some rural areas is explored. These include the impacts ofglobalisation; restructuring of the labour market; new 'consumption' demands on the rural areas; and human mobility. Thepaper concludes that traditional theories do not explain the diversity of outcomes in rural areas. New approaches are needed.Recent analyses under the banner of 'the new economic geography' has advanced our understanding of the pre-conditions forrural development to occur, but understanding the diverse pattern of rural employment outcomes within the same kind ofgeography remains a challenge which needs to be addressed by inter-disciplinary approaches and methods. © 2000 ElsevierScience B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Rural employment ; Rural development ; OECD countries

Subject(s): Labor and Human Capital

Production Economics

Issue Date: 2000-03

Publication Type: Journal Article

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/175408 Published in: Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, Volume 22, Issue 2 Page range: 185-197

Total Pages: 14

Record appears in: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) > Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists





Autor: Bryden, John Marshall ; Bollman, Ray D.

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/175408?ln=en



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