Use and Production of Open Educational Resources OER: A Pilot Study of Undergraduate Students PerceptionsReport as inadecuate

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International Association for Development of the Information Society, Paper presented at the International Conference on Educational Technologies (ICEduTech) (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Nov 29-Dec 1, 2013)

Open education resources (OER) may be defined as any digital materials designed for use in teaching and learning that are openly available for use by educators and students, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or license fees. Hitherto, research on students' use of OER has been mainly limited to those in Western countries, mainly in the USA. Research on other students' use of OER such as those from Asian Pacific countries has been lacking. In this study, we attempt to fill this gap by exploring a class of Asian undergraduates' views about the use and production of OER. A total of 25 students who were enrolled in an education course at a university in Singapore completed a questionnaire. Results showed that half the respondents used OER to either quite or a great extent. The most common type of OER used was Youtube followed by iTunes (e.g., iTunes U). Respondents attributed more weightage to the reputation of an institution or organization rather than the individual creator with regard to the production of OER. Results also suggested that respondents were generally OER "lurkers"--individuals who tend to take free open education content for their own use but are not willing to produce these resources for others to use. The most significant barriers to producing OER were "lack of skills", followed by "lack of subject knowledge". The least significant barrier reported by the respondents was "lack of interest". [For full proceedings, see ED557168.]

Descriptors: Educational Resources, Pilot Projects, Undergraduate Students, Open Source Technology, Asians, Student Attitudes, Technology Uses in Education, Use Studies, Questionnaires, Usability, Relevance (Education), Likert Scales, Foreign Countries

International Association for the Development of the Information Society. e-mail: secretariat[at]; Web site:

Author: Hew, Khe Foon; Cheung, Wing Sum


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