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Government-sponsored education and training programs have the goal to enhance participants' skills so as to become more employable, productive and dependable citizens and thus alleviate poverty and decrease public dependence. While mostof the literature evaluating training programs concentrates on estimating their total average treatment effect, these programs offer a variety of services to participants.Estimating the effect of these components is of importance for the design and theevaluation of labor market programs. In this paper, we employ a recent nonparametric approach to estimate bounds on the mechanism average treatment effectto evaluate the causal effect of attaining a high school diploma, General EducationDevelopment or vocational certificate within a training program for disadvantagedyouth 16-24 (Job Corps) relative to other services pffered, on two labor outcomes:employment probability and weekly earnings. We provide these estimates for different demographic groups by race, ethnicity, gender, and two age-risk groups (youthand young adults). Our analysis depicts a positive impact of a degree attainmentwithin the training program on employment probability and weekly earnings forthe majority of its participants which in general accounts for 55 - 63 percent ofthe effect of the program. The heterogeneity of the key demographic subgroupsis documented in the relative importance of a degree attainment and of the otherservices provided in Job Corps.

Keywords: Causal Inference ; Treatment Effects ; Mechanism Average Effects ; Nonparametric Bounds ; Potential Outcomes ; Principal Stratification ; Training Programs ; Job Corps ; Active Labor Market Policies

Subject(s): Labor and Human Capital

Public Economics

Issue Date: 2011

Publication Type: Working or Discussion Paper

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/103619

Total Pages: 68

JEL Codes: C14; I20; J01

Series Statement: Selected Paper

Record appears in: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) > 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania





Autor: Bampasidou, Maria ; Flores, Carlos A. ; Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/103619?ln=en







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