Impacts of Cash Crop Production on Land Management and Land Degradation: The Case of Coffee and Cotton in Uganda Reportar como inadecuado

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We investigate the impacts of coffee and cotton production on land management and land degradation in Uganda, based on a survey of 851 households and soil measurements in six major agro-ecological zones, using matching and multivariate regression methods. The impacts of cash crop production vary by agro-ecological zones and cropping system. In coffee producing zones, use of organic inputs is most common on plots growing coffee with other crops (mainly bananas), and least common on mono-cropped coffee. Both mono-cropped coffee and mixed coffee plots have lower soil erosion than other plots in coffee producing zones because of greater soil cover. Potassium depletion is much greater on mixed banana-coffee plots. In the cotton production zone, few land management practices or investments are used, especially on cotton plots. Soil erosion and soil nutrient depletion are lower in the cotton zone than in coffee producing zones because of flatter terrain and lower crop yields. Soil erosion is much higher on cotton than non-cotton plots in this zone. These results imply that promotion of cash crop production will not halt land degradation, and in some cases will worsen it, unless substantial efforts are made to promote adoption of sustainable land management practices.

Keywords: land management ; land degradation ; soil nutrient depletion ; soil erosion ; agricultural commercialization ; cash crops ; Uganda

Subject(s): Agricultural and Food Policy

International Development

Production Economics

Resource /Energy Economics and Policy

Issue Date: 2009

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier:

Total Pages: 38

JEL Codes: Q13; Q16; Q17

Series Statement: Contributed Paper


Record appears in: International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) > 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China

Autor: Pender, John L. ; Nkonya, Ephraim M. ; Kato, Edward ; Kaizzi, Crammer ; Ssali, Henry


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