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English Language Teaching, v9 n6 p242-251 2016

This study, first, examined whether there was any relationship between Iranian L2 learners' vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs), on the one hand, and their multiple intelligences (MI) types, on the other hand. In so doing, it explored the extent to which MI would predict L2 learners' VLSs. To these ends, 40 L2 learners from Isfahan University of Technology in Isfahan participated in the study, and the following instruments were utilized to collect the data: the Oxford Placement Test (OPT) to gauge participants' proficiency level, the Multiple Intelligences Questionnaire (Mckenzie, 1999), and a vocabulary learning questionnaire based on the framework adopted from Schmitt's (1990). The strategies were divided into five categories: determination, memory, social, metacognitive, and cognitive. To analyze the data, Pearson correlation was applied to find out the relationship between the participants' intelligence categories and their preferred VLSs. Then, multiple regression analysis was run to indicate the significance of the specific VLSs in the participants' intelligences. Results revealed that there was a strong positive relationship between participants' intrapersonal intelligence and their tendency toward the cognitive and metacognitive strategies. Moreover, as participants' scores in their interpersonal intelligence test increased, they inclined toward the social strategies more. A potential positive and significant relationship between visual/spatial intelligence and memory strategies and also linguistic intelligence and determination strategies was also found out. Overall results revealed that the participants made a significant difference regarding their decisions for particular VLSs, as intrapersonal, interpersonal, linguistic, and visual learners predicted more specific and significant VLSs in comparison with other types of intelligences.

Descriptors: Multiple Intelligences, Vocabulary Development, Correlation, Questionnaires, Multiple Regression Analysis, Learning Strategies, Second Language Learning, College Students, Foreign Countries, Role, Second Language Instruction, Language Proficiency, Language Tests, Metacognition, Scores, Intelligence Tests, Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Memory, Comparative Analysis

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Autor: Sistani, Mahsa; Hashemian, Mahmood


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