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Online Submission, The Online Journal of Distance Education and e-Learning v4 n2 p47-57 Apr 2016

Over the last years, educators have been forced to rethink about the whole education system. In 2005, Connectivism, a new learning theory, was emerged. Consequently, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have been presented as an alternative powerful educational system. Money was invested and tens of for-profit and non-profit companies involved in producing MOOC. However, integrating and adopting MOOC in educational institutions worldwide is still questionable. This literature review paper addressed and discussed the issues that higher education institutions should consider before adopting MOOC. The findings showed eight considerable, interrelated and controllable MOOC issues: high dropout rate, accreditation, business model, reputation, pedagogy, research ethics, student assessment and language barrier. Policy makers in higher education institutions should be aware of these issues before including MOOC in their development plans. In addition, the paper presented a number of possible future studies.

Descriptors: Large Group Instruction, Online Courses, Design, Literature Reviews, Dropout Rate, Accreditation (Institutions), Business, Models, Reputation, Teaching Methods, Research, Ethics, Student Evaluation, Language Usage, Barriers, Higher Education, Qualitative Research, Content Analysis, Learning Theories, Social Networks, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education

Autor: AlDahdouh, Alaa A.; Osório, António J.


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