Mindset Gap among SES Groups: The Case of Chile with Census DataReport as inadecuate

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Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness

Students' academic motivation and their achievement is affected by the mindset that students hold about their own intelligence. The current study presents a unique nationally-representative dataset to study the relationship of Mindset and Achievement among different populations. With census data of Chilean 10th graders and their schools, the authors try to answer the following questions: (1) Controlling by available predictors of achievement, does mindset predict achievement?; (2) Does Mindset predict achievement more in some groups than others?; and (3) What is the distribution of mindset among the different groups of 10th graders in Chile? Are there differences in mindset levels of 10th graders by SES, gender, type of school and rural areas? It was found that most Chilean students have a fixed mindset (51%). Only 23% have a growth mindset. Those who have a growth mindset perform significantly better on SIMCE language and math tests, which is a standardized assessment that is implemented every other year to all 10th graders in Chile. Tables and figures are appended.

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Census Figures, Grade 10, Cognitive Structures, Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Prediction, Gender Differences, Institutional Characteristics, Rural Areas, Questionnaires

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Author: Claro, Susana; Paunesku, David

Source: https://eric.ed.gov/?q=a&ft=on&ff1=dtySince_1992&pg=1005&id=ED562769

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