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Rural hospitals may be an attractive amenity for retirees, retirement communities, and firms. In many rural communities, hospitals are often one of the largest employers. When a rural hospital closes, this is expected to reduce housing values, although no studies to date have investigated this relationship. As a pilot study for future research, we estimate the impact of White Community Medical Center’s (located in Carmi, Illinois) closure in December 2005 on local housing values, using a repeat sales estimator. We find that the change in housing values for houses that sold before and after the closure was not statistically significantly affected by the distance from the house to the closed hospital. These results are limited by a small number of repeat sales in White County; further research with data from other states is needed to determine the impact of rural hospital closures on housing values.

Keywords: hospital closures ; rural hospitals ; rural economic development ; rural wealth ; repeat sales

Subject(s): Community/Rural/Urban Development

Issue Date: 2015

Publication Type: Conference Paper/ Presentation

PURL Identifier:

Total Pages: 14

JEL Codes: O180; R110; R150

Record appears in: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) > 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California

Autor: Miller, Cristina ; Nikaj, Silda ; Pender, John


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