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International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, v28 n1 p66-74 2016

Writing in 1990 for the Carnegie Foundation and the American Council on Education, Ernest Boyer described the importance of strengthening the colleges and universities as vital communities of learning by emphasizing six critical dimensions or characteristics of campus life: educationally purposeful, open, just, disciplined, caring, and celebrative. Boyer's work was widely discussed and provided a framework for change as administrators across the country sought to meet the new and emerging challenges of their institutions. How successful have these efforts been? To what extent do instructors and students see their campuses as exemplifying these principles? Is there evidence of changes across time in their views? Survey data collected in 1995-97 and 2011-12 from instructors and students at Penn State University's main campus and its satellite campuses found a sizable increase over time for both groups in the proportion who viewed their campuses as having the attributes of a Community of Learning.

Descriptors: College Environment, Student Surveys, Student Attitudes, Teacher Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Environment, Sense of Community, Multicampus Colleges, Undergraduate Students, Freedom of Speech, Caring, Traditionalism, Discipline, Educational Principles, Social Justice, Online Surveys, College Faculty

International Society for Exploring Teaching and Learning. Web site:

Autor: Willits, Fern K.; Brennan, Mark A.


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