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Socio-economic transformation in the food sector started earlier than in other sectors of the economy, i.e. in the summer of 1989 along with implementation of market solutions. The first period of the transformation was marked by a significant drop in all economic and social indices in agriculture, including a severe drop in the farmers’ income. A change in the status quo began at the turn of the 20th and 21st century. However, only after Poland’s accession to the EU the food sector has started to develop considerably faster. The co-financing of the sector from the national budget and the EU funds fostered a substantial modernisation of agribusiness thus influencing the improvement in the income situation of agricultural producers. As a result of the processes of adjustment to the market conditions and membership in the EU, the size and structure of agricultural production changed significantly. In 2003, after nearly 50 years of a negative balance in foreign trade in agri-food products, Poland became a major player on the world market.

Keywords: agriulture ; transformation ; economy ; Poland

Subject(s): Agricultural and Food Policy

International Development

Production Economics

Issue Date: 2014

Publication Type: Journal Article

DOI and Other Identifiers: ISSN 0044-1600 (Other)

PURL Identifier: http://purl.umn.edu/235228 Page range: 3-26

Total Pages: 24

Series Statement: Problems of Agricultural Economics


Record appears in: Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute (IAFE-NRI) > Problems of Agricultural Economics: Annals

Autor: Kowalski, Andrzej

Fuente: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/235228?ln=en

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