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International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training, v1 n2 p125-142 2014

This paper depicts a study carried out in Rwanda concerning university students who participated in a contest to produce short documentary films. The purpose of this research is to conceptualize these kinds of technology-based learning projects (TBLPs) through a sociocultural perspective. The methodology included focus-group discussions and field notes to collect empirical data. The findings reveal that the more educational technologies capture objects of learning positioned in the students' sociocultural proximity, the more focused the learners' attention is on these objects. The study shows also that a change in learning projects may depend to a large extent on whether the technology relates to the students' sociocultural proximity, that is, taking into consideration students' physical, cultural, and contextual real world. The study recommends a community of learning/inquiry embedded in a collaborative, problem-solving dynamic involving cognitive support from peers, teachers, external specialists, and the wider community.

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Documentaries, Electronic Learning, Student Projects, Focus Groups, Educational Technology, Proximity, Sociocultural Patterns, Communities of Practice, Problem Solving, Social Environment, Reflection, Concept Formation, Service Learning, Qualitative Research, Observation

European Educational Research Association / European Research Network Vocational Education and Training.Am Fallturm 1, Bremen, 28359, Germany. Tel: +49-421-218-66336; Fax: +49-421-218-98-66336; e-mail: ijrvet[at]; Web site:

Autor: Mukama, Evode


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