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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia 2016, 19 4

Autor: João Bastos Freire Neto

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=403847457001_2


Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia ISSN: 1809-9823 revistabgg@gmail.com Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Brasil Bastos Freire Neto, João A Transição do Modelo Assistencial Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia, vol.
19, núm.
4, julio-agosto, 2016, pp.
565566 Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=403847457001 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative http:--dx.doi.org-10.1590-1809-98232016019.160120 565 EDITORIAL The Transition of the Care Model Over the last 50 years Brazil has experienced two processes of transition which have had a direct impact on the lives of its citizens: a demographic transition, with the elderly population growing at the expense of children and young people, and an epidemiological transition, with a reduced burden of infectious disease and an increase in chronic diseases, which are largely responsible for mortality and morbidity. Life expectancy in the 1960s was 48, while the birth rate was four children per woman. Today, life expectancy is 78 years and the birth rate is 1.6 children.
This has caused the number of elderly people to rise from 4.5% to 13% of the overall population over this period. The result is that people are living longer, with a significant segment of the older population suffering from chronic diseases that require long-term care and which can lead to disability and functional limitation, making individuals completely dependent on the care of others. Our health and social care model, however, remains the same as in the industrial era, structured in terms of scale and productivity but lacking personalization and individualization. The focus is on the disease, not the p...

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