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BMC Veterinary Research

, 13:196

Epidemiology, public health and modelling

Abstract

BackgroundFarm animals are usually suspected to transmit infections to humans. Domestic cavies Cavia porcellus are hosts to a variety of pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. Several parasites including the protozoa Giardia spp. and Cryptosporidium spp. may be causative agents of gastrointestinal disorders in domestic cavies and humans. The aim of the study was to investigate the occurrence of potentially zoonotic protozoa as well as any potential zoonotic gastrointestinal parasite in domestic cavies raised under a semi extensive system in the rural areas of Cameroon.

ResultsGiardia-Cryptosporidium antigens were detected in 12.90% of cavies. Helminthe eggs were found in 1.52% of animals. The prevalence of Paraspidodera uncinata, Heligmosomoides polygyrus also known as Nematospiroides dubius and Trichuris sp. was 1% 4-397, 0.3% 1-397, and 0.3% 1-397, respectively. Presence of Giardia-Cryptosporidium was unrelated to the occurrence of diarrhea, as none of the positive samples was from a diarrheic individual.

ConclusionDomestic cavies are hosts of Giardia-Cryptosporidium and appear as potential source of human giardiasis, cryptosporidiosis and infection with H. polygyrus in Cameroon. In keeping with the One Health Initiative, veterinarians and medical doctors should collaborate to address the problem of Giardia and Cryptosporidium infection in cavies and cavy breeders both in Cameroon and other countries with a similar cavy breeding system. Follow-up studies are required to further taxonomically characterize these cavy parasites and to determine their routes of transmission to humans.

KeywordsZoonoses Domestic cavies Giardia-Cryptosporidium Cameroon AbbreviationsBecABiosciences Eastern and Central Africa

CSIROCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization - Australia

DFATDepartment of Foreign Affairs and Trade - Australia

ILRIInternational Livestock Research Institute

NaClSodium chloride

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12917-017-1096-2 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Felix Meutchieye - Marc K. Kouam - Emile Miegoué - Terence T. Nguafack - Joseph Tchoumboué - Alexis Téguia - Georgios 

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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