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Applied Water Science

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 1609–1623

First Online: 23 July 2015Received: 19 February 2015Accepted: 07 July 2015


The hydrogeochemical study of surface water in Pratapgarh district has been carried out to assess the major ion chemistry and water quality for drinking and domestic purposes. For this purpose, twenty-five surface water samples were collected from river, ponds and canals and analysed for pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids TDS, turbidity, hardness, major cations Ca, Mg, Na and K, major anions HCO3, F, Cl, NO3, SO4 and dissolved silica concentration. The analytical results show mildly acidic to alkaline nature of surface water resources of Pratapgarh district. HCO3 and Cl are the dominant anions, while cation chemistry is dominated by Na and Ca. The statistical analysis and data plotted on the Piper diagram reveals that the surface water chemistry is mainly controlled by rock weathering with secondary contributions from agriculture and anthropogenic sources. Ca–Mg–HCO3, Ca–Mg–Cl and Na–HCO3–Cl are the dominant hydrogeochemical facies in the surface water of the area. For quality assessment, values of analysed parameters were compared with Indian and WHO water quality standards, which shows that the concentrations of TDS, F, NO3, Na, Mg and total hardness are exceeding the desirable limits in some water samples. Water Quality Index WQI is one of the most effective tools to communicate information on the quality of any water body. The computed WQI values of Pratapgarh district surface water range from 28 to 198 with an average value of 82, and more than half of the study area is under excellent to good category.

KeywordsPratapgarh Major ion chemistry Hydrogeochemical facies Surface water quality PCA WQI GIS  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Ashwani Kumar Tiwari - Abhay Kumar Singh - Amit Kumar Singh - M. P. Singh

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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