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Climate Dynamics

, Volume 49, Issue 1–2, pp 493–519

First Online: 17 September 2016Received: 08 January 2016Accepted: 07 September 2016

Abstract

The most severe effects of global warning will be related to the frequency and severity of extreme events. We provide an analysis of projections of temperature and related extreme events for Africa based on a large ensemble of Regional Climate Models from the COordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment CORDEX. Results are presented not only by means of widely used indices but also with a recently developed Heat Wave Magnitude Index-daily HWMId, which takes into account both heat wave duration and intensity. Results show that under RCP8.5, warming of more than 3.5 °C is projected in JFM over most of the continent, whereas in JAS temperatures over large part of Northern Africa, the Sahara and the Arabian peninsula are projected to increase up to 6 °C. Large increase in in the number of warm days Tx90p is found over sub equatorial Africa, with values up to more than 90 % in JAS, and more than 80 % in JFM over e.g., the gulf of Guinea, Central African Republic, South Sudan and Ethiopia. Changes in Tn90p warm nights are usually larger, with some models projecting Tn90p reaching 95 % starting from around 2060 even under RCP4.5 over the Gulf of Guinea and the Sahel. Results also show that the total length of heat spells projected to occur normally i.e. once every 2 years under RCP8.5 may be longer than those occurring once every 30 years under the lower emission scenario. By employing the recently developed HWMId index, it is possible to investigate the relationship between heat wave length ad intensity; in particular it is shown that very intense heat waves such as that occurring over the Horn of Africa may have values of HWMId larger than that of longer, but relatively weak, heat waves over West Africa.

KeywordsHeat Waves HWMId Regional Climate Models CORDEX-Africa Extreme temperature statistics  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Alessandro Dosio

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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