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Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

, 25:67

First Online: 11 July 2017Received: 08 February 2017Accepted: 29 June 2017


BackgroundIn the Netherlands prehospital trauma care is provided by emergency medical services EMS nurses. This care is extended by Physician staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Services P-HEMS for the more severely injured patient. Prehospital communication is a factor of influence on the identification of these patients and the dispatch of P-HEMS. Though prehospital communication it is often perceived to be incomplete and unstructured. To elucidated factors of influence on prehospital triage and the identification of the severely injured patient a Delphi study was performed.

MethodsA three round modified Delphi study was designed to explore concepts amongst experts in prehospital trauma care. P-HEMS physicians-nurses, trauma surgeons, EMS nurses and dispatch center operators where asked to state their opinion regarding identification of the poly trauma patient, trauma patient characteristics, prehospital communication and prehospital handover.

ResultsSeventy-one panellist completed all three rounds. For the first round seven cases and 13 theses were presented. From the answers-argumentation the second round was build, in which 68 theses had to be ranked within four principle themes: factors that influence prehospital communication, critical information for proper handover, factors influencing collaboration and how training-education can influence this. Out of these answers the third survey was build, focussing on determining the exact content of a prehospital trauma handover. The majority of the panellists agreed to a set of parameters resulting in a new model of inter-professional hand over regarding prehospital trauma patients.

DiscussionExact identification of the poly trauma patient in need of care by P-HEMS is difficult though prehospital communication and the prehospital handover may be improved.

ConclusionThe respondents report that prehospital communication needs to be unambiguous to improve trauma care. Consensus was reached on a set of ten parameters that should minimally be handed over with regard to a prehospital trauma patient. This to facilitate prehospital communication between the Dispatch centre, EMS, P-HEMS and the receiving hospital.

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Autor: Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen - Leo Maria George GeeraedtsJr. - Georgios Fredericus Giannakopoulos - Maartje Terra - Her


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