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Biophysical Reviews

pp 1–22

First Online: 17 July 2017Received: 06 March 2017Accepted: 12 June 2017


The sarcomere is an exquisitely designed apparatus that is capable of generating force, which in the case of the heart results in the pumping of blood throughout the body. At the molecular level, an ATP-dependent interaction of myosin with actin drives the contraction and force generation of the sarcomere. Over the past six decades, work on muscle has yielded tremendous insights into the workings of the sarcomeric system. We now stand on the cusp where the acquired knowledge of how the sarcomere contracts and how that contraction is regulated can be extended to an understanding of the molecular mechanisms of sarcomeric diseases, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM. In this review we present a picture that combines current knowledge of the myosin mesa, the sequestered state of myosin heads on the thick filament, known as the interacting-heads motif IHM, their possible interaction with myosin binding protein C MyBP-C and how these interactions can be abrogated leading to hyper-contractility, a key clinical manifestation of HCM. We discuss the structural and functional basis of the IHM state of the myosin heads and identify HCM-causing mutations that can directly impact the equilibrium between the ‘on state’ of the myosin heads the open state and the IHM ‘off state’. We also hypothesize a role of MyBP-C in helping to maintain myosin heads in the IHM state on the thick filament, allowing release in a graded manner upon adrenergic stimulation. By viewing clinical hyper-contractility as the result of the destabilization of the IHM state, our aim is to view an old disease in a new light.

KeywordsHypertrophic cardiomyopathy Dilated cardiomyopathy Interacting-heads motif Myosin sequestered state Myosin mesa Myosin binding protein C This article is part of a Special Issue on ‘Titin and its Binding Proteins in Striated Muscles’ edited by Amy Li and Cristobal G. dos Remedios.

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Autor: Darshan V. Trivedi - Arjun S. Adhikari - Saswata S. Sarkar - Kathleen M. Ruppel - James A. Spudich

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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