Non-timber forest products and their contribution to households income around Falgore Game Reserve in Kano, NigeriaReport as inadecuate

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Ecological Processes

, 6:23

First Online: 17 July 2017Received: 12 March 2017Accepted: 07 June 2017


IntroductionIn the recent decades, there has been growing interest in the contribution of non-timber forest products NTFPs to livelihoods, development, and poverty alleviation among the rural populace. This has been prompted by the fact that communities living adjacent to forest reserves rely to a great extent on the NTFPs for their livelihoods, and therefore any effort to conserve such resources should as a prerequisite understand how the host communities interact with them.

MethodsMultistage sampling technique was used for the study. A representative sample of 400 households was used to explore the utilization of NTFPs and their contribution to households’ income in communities proximate to Falgore Game Reserve FGR in Kano State, Nigeria. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze and summarize the data collected.

ResultsThe findings reveal that communities proximate to FGR mostly rely on the reserve for firewood, medicinal herbs, fodder, and fruit nuts for household use and sales. Income from NTFPs accounts for 20–60% of the total income of most 68% of the sampled households. The utilization of NTFPs was significantly influenced by age, sex, household size, main occupation, distance to forest and market.

ConclusionsThe findings suggest that NTFPs play an important role in supporting livelihoods, and therefore provide an important safety net for households throughout the year particularly during periods of hardship occasioned by drought. It is suggested that stakeholders should prioritize technical and financial support programs on agricultural value addition and handcrafts that would promote off-farm income generating activities, in addition, provision of alternative domestic cooking energy such as biogas in communities proximate to FGR in order to reduce pressure relating to fuelwood gathering from the forest, this will help to improve forest resources quality.

KeywordsAgricultural income Collection Conservation Forest income Game Reserve AbbreviationsCBNCentral Bank of Nigeria

FAOFood Agriculture Organization

FRNFederal Republic of Nigeria

KNARDAKano Agricultural and Rural Development Authority

KNSGKano State Government

LGALocal government area

NTFPNon-timber forest products

WHOWorld Health Organization

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Author: Muhammad Sabiu Suleiman - Vivian Oliver Wasonga - Judith Syombua Mbau - Aminu Suleiman - Yazan Ahmed Elhadi


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