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International Journal of Public Health

pp 1–12

First Online: 03 August 2017Received: 02 May 2017Revised: 23 May 2017Accepted: 29 May 2017

Abstract

ObjectivesTransport injuries TI are ranked as one of the leading causes of death, disability, and property loss worldwide. This paper provides an overview of the burden of TI in the Eastern Mediterranean Region EMR by age and sex from 1990 to 2015.

MethodsTransport injuries mortality in the EMR was estimated using the Global Burden of Disease mortality database, with corrections for ill-defined causes of death, using the cause of death ensemble modeling tool. Morbidity estimation was based on inpatient and outpatient datasets, 26 cause-of-injury and 47 nature-of-injury categories.

ResultsIn 2015, 152,855 95% uncertainty interval: 137,900–168,100 people died from TI in the EMR countries. Between 1990 and 2015, the years of life lost YLL rate per 100,000 due to TI decreased by 15.5%, while the years lived with disability YLD rate decreased by 10%, and the age-standardized disability-adjusted life years DALYs rate decreased by 16%.

ConclusionsAlthough the burden of TI mortality and morbidity decreased over the last two decades, there is still a considerable burden that needs to be addressed by increasing awareness, enforcing laws, and improving road conditions.

KeywordsTransport injuries Eastern Mediterranean Region Burden of disease Corresponding author: Ali H. Mokdad.

This article is part of the supplement -The state of health in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015-.

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Transportation Injuries Collaborators are listed at the end of the article.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s00038-017-0987-0 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Transportation Injuries Collaborators - Ali H. Mokdad

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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