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International Journal of Public Health

pp 1–12

First Online: 03 August 2017Received: 01 May 2017Revised: 21 June 2017Accepted: 23 June 2017

Abstract

ObjectivesWe used the Global Burden of Disease GBD 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index BMI in the Eastern Mediterranean Region EMR.

MethodsWe estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children 2–19 years and adults ≥20 years in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach.

ResultsThe prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% 95% UI 13.4–16.9 in 1980 to 20.7% 95% UI 18.8–22.8 in 2015. It increased from 4.1% 95% UI 2.9–5.5 to 4.9% 95% UI 3.6–6.4 for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years DALYs attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages.

ConclusionsThis is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

KeywordsObesity Burden of disease Eastern Mediterranean Region Corresponding author: Ali H. Mokdad.

This article is part of the supplement -The state of health in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015.-

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators are listed at the end of the article.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1007-s00038-017-1002-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators - Ali H. Mokdad

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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