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Acta Geophysica

, Volume 64, Issue 5, pp 1903–1915

First Online: 02 December 2016Received: 21 March 2014Revised: 24 September 2015Accepted: 29 October 2015


This study characterizes equatorial scintillations at L1-L2 GPS frequency over Kampala 0.30°N, 32.50°E, mag. lat. 9.26°S, Uganda, on different time scales during the minimum and ascending phases of solar cycle 24 2010–2011. Of all the days investigated, 25 October 2011 recorded the highest occurrence of scintillation, and it was attributed to geomagnetic storm occurrence. We used the data of 25 October to generate plots of the elevation angle and S4 index against local time on a satellite- by-satellite basis, with a view to distinguishing satellites links whose signals were impaired by ionospheric irregularities from those impaired by multipath. Conclusively, GPS amplitude scintillations over Kampala occur predominantly during post sunset hours and decay around midnight. Equinoctial months recorded the highest occurrences of scintillations, while June solstice recorded the least. Scintillation occurrences also increase with solar and geomagnetic activity.

Key wordsionospheric scintillation Africa equatorial region irregularities solar cycle 24  Download to read the full article text

Autor: Andrew O. Akala - Raphael Idolor - Florence M. D’Ujanga - Patricia H. Doherty


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