The Emergence of China as a Leading Nation in Science - Physics > Physics and SocietyReport as inadecuate

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Abstract: China has become the fifth leading nation in terms of its share of theworld-s scientific publications. The citation rate of papers with a Chineseaddress for the corresponding author also exhibits exponential growth. Morespecifically, China has become a major player in critical technologies likenanotechnology. Although it is difficult to delineate nanoscience andnanotechnology, we show that China has recently achieved a position second onlyto that of the USA. Funding for RandD has been growing exponentially, but since1997 even more in terms of business expenditure than in terms of governmentexpenditure. It seems that the Chinese government has effectively used thepublic-sector research potential to boost the knowledge-based economy of thecountry. Thus, China may be achieving the -Lisbon- objectives of thetransition to a knowledge-based economy more broadly and rapidly than itswestern counterparts. Because of the sustained increase in Chinese governmentfunding and the virtually unlimited reservoir of highly-skilled humanresources, one may expect a continuation of this growth pattern in the nearfuture.

Author: Ping Zhou, Loet Leydesdorff


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