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Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders

, 11:43

First Online: 31 October 2016Received: 14 June 2016Accepted: 09 October 2016


BackgroundThe current increase in types of scoliosis braces defined by a surname or a town makes scientific classification essential. Currently, it is a challenge to compare braces and specify the indications of each brace. A precise definition of the characteristics of current braces is needed. As such, the International Society for Scoliosis Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Treatment SOSORT mandated the Brace Classification Study Group BCSG to address the pertinent terminology and brace classification. As such, the following study represents the first part of the SOSORT consensus in addressing the definitions and providing a visual atlas of bracing.

MethodsAfter a short introduction on the braces, the aim of the BCSG is described and its policies-general consideration are outlined. The BSCG endeavor embraces the very important SOSORT – Scoliosis Research Society cooperation, the history of which is also briefly narrated. This report contains contributions from a multidisciplinary panel of 17 professionals who are part of the BCSG. The BCSG introduced several pertinent domains to characterize bracing systems. The domains are defined to allow for analysis of each brace system.

ResultsA first approach to brace classification based on some of these proposed domains is presented. The BCSG has reached a consensus on 139 terms related to bracing and has provided over 120 figures to serve as an atlas for educational purposes.

ConclusionsThis is the first clinical terminology tool for bracing related to scoliosis based on the current scientific evidence and formal multidisciplinary consensus. A visual atlas of various brace types is also provided.

KeywordsScoliosis Spine Nomenclature Brace Classification Terminology Definition Brace Classification Study Group BCSG AbbreviationsADLActivities of Daily Living

ATSIAnterior Trunk Symmetry Index

BCSGBrace Classification Study Group

BRACE MAPBuilding, Rigidity, Anatomical classification, Construction of the Envelope, Mechanism of Action, Plane of action

CAD-CAMComputer-Aided Design-Computer-Aided Manufacturing

CPOCertified Prosthetic and Orthotic professional

CTLSOCervical-Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthotics

DRCSDouble Rib Contour Sign

ISIdiopathic Scoliosis

LLDLeg Length Discrepancy

LSOlumbosacral orthosis


POTSIPosterior Trunk Symmetry Index


QOLQuality of life

TLSOThoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthotics

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13013-016-0102-y contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Theodoros B. Grivas - Jean Claude de Mauroy - Grant Wood - Manuel Rigo - Michael Timothy Hresko - Tomasz Kotwicki - Stefa


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