The Tribofilm Formation of ZDDP Under Reciprocating Pure Sliding ConditionsReport as inadecuate

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Tribology Letters

, 64:46

First Online: 02 November 2016Received: 12 August 2016Accepted: 17 October 2016


The anti-wear and anti-seizure performance and action mechanisms of zinc dithiophosphate ZDDP have been investigated under reciprocating pure sliding conditions to simulate piston ring and cylinder liner assembly, using new techniques. The Mini Traction Machine–Space Layer Imaging is a useful method for monitoring tribofilm formation by ZDDPs. However, tests are generally carried out in mixed sliding–rolling conditions and ZDDP film formation in reciprocating pure sliding conditions is rarely investigated. In this paper, the authors describe an investigation of ZDDP film formation in stationary ball on reciprocating disc pure sliding conditions and compare the results to those obtained in unidirectional pure sliding conditions. In unidirectional pure sliding conditions, the worn area on the ball expands with test time. By contrast, in reciprocating pure sliding conditions, tribofilm forms on the stationary ball and no significant damage occurs. In the initial tribofilm formation under reciprocating pure sliding conditions, solid particulate tribofilm with a high concentration of S forms initially in the contact area and subsequently breaks up. During further rubbing, a Zn- and P-rich tribofilm forms on the comminuted sulphur-rich tribofilm and also the area where the initial tribofilm was removed.

KeywordsZinc dithiophosphate ZDDP ZnDTP Tribofilm Wear Anti-wear Pure sliding Reciprocating MTM SLIM  Download fulltext PDF

Author: Yasunori Shimizu - Hugh A. Spikes


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