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Burns and Trauma

, 4:37

First Online: 02 November 2016Received: 30 May 2016Accepted: 22 September 2016


BackgroundBurn first aid awareness has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. We present a report on the knowledge and practices of the Saudi population with regard to burn first aid and the application of traditional remedies.

MethodsAn internet-based survey was conducted to assess the public’s knowledge on first aid practices and home remedies applied for burn injuries among Saudi adults.

ResultsA total of 2758 individuals responded to the survey. There were 1178 42.7 % respondents who had previously received burn first aid information. One thousand five hundred fifty respondents had a history of burn exposure in which burn injury first aid was applied as follows: 1118 72.1 % removed clothing and accessories from the injured area; water was applied by 990 63.9 %; among those who applied water, 877 88.6 % applied cold water; and only 57 5.8 % did so for more than 15 min. Wrapping the burn area was performed by 526 33.9 %, and 985 63.5 % sought medical assistance. When it comes to traditional remedies, 2134 77.4 % knew of and-or implemented these remedies as first aid or to treat burns. Honey and toothpaste were the commonest among these remedies with 1491 69.9 % and 1147 53.7 %, respectively. This was associated with female gender r = 0.87, P < 0.001, younger age group 19–25 years r = 0.077, P < 0.001, from central region r = 0.012, P < 0.001, and university graduate r = 0.05, P = 0.002. Nearly half of those who knew of traditional remedies did not have previous knowledge of burn first aid.

ConclusionsProper burn first aid is a simple, cheap, and accessible means of managing burns initially. Although the majority of the respondents were university graduates 51.1 %, knowledge and implementation of burn first aid was very poor. Major healthcare agencies should review and promote a consistent guideline for burn first aid in an effort to tackle and minimize the effect of this grave injury.

KeywordsBurn First aid Practices Traditional remedies  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Abdullah E. Kattan - Feras AlShomer - Abdulaziz K. Alhujayri - Abdullah Addar - Albaraa Aljerian


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