Body Image and Body Experience Disturbances in Schizophrenia: an Attempt to Introduce the Concept of Body Self as a Conceptual FrameworkReportar como inadecuado




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Current Psychology

pp 1–11

First Online: 25 November 2016

Abstract

Disturbances in body experience are described as key schizophrenia symptoms and early disease predictors. In case studies, different disorders relating to body experience are presented, but only a few empirical studies have aimed to distinguish the characteristics of body experience in schizophrenia, and these have been selected arbitrarily and without reference to cohesive theoretical model. To integrate this fragmentary approach, we propose a body self BS model, composed of: functions; representations e.g., body image; and sense of body identity. The aim of the study was to determine whether the BS differentiates schizophrenic patients from healthy controls, and to investigate the relations between aspects of BS and a history of illness and clinical characteristics. The Body Self Questionnaire and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale were administered to 63 schizophrenic patients and 63 healthy subjects. The difference was found in the functions of the body-self perceiving, interpreting, and regulating body experience, in the sense of body identity, and in one of three aspects of body image explored e.g., acceptance of biological sex. Disturbances in BS were related to positive symptoms and to the number of hospitalizations for other diseases. Together, the results demonstrate that schizophrenia is more body experience than body image disorder, since the negative emotional attitude towards the body and acceptance of fitness were not distinctive for schizophrenia. The link between the disturbances in BS and the number of nonpsychiatric hospitalizations suggests that misinterpretation of body experiences in schizophrenia can promote a search for medical attention.

KeywordsBody self Body image Psychosis Schizophrenia  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Olga Sakson-Obada - Paulina Chudzikiewicz - Daniel Pankowski - Marek Jarema

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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