Discrete Choice Experiments in Developing Countries: Willingness to Pay Versus Willingness to WorkReportar como inadecuado




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Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 697–721

First Online: 09 May 2015Accepted: 15 April 2015

Abstract

A concern when conducting stated preference valuation studies in rural developing or very low income contexts is the use of monetary willingness to pay WTP estimates. In circumstances where cash incomes are extremely low, a significant proportion of the population are not engaged in waged labour and the exchange of goods or services is augmented through barter or work exchange, the role of money is likely to be different from that within an urban developed setting. As such, ability to pay using money may be impaired and downwardly biased when compared with other mediums of exchange. In recognition of this several studies have used hypothetical labour contributions as payment vehicles and a common finding is that households are more often willing to contribute labour than they are money. In this paper we present the results of a split sample DCE using money and labour contributions as payment vehicles for improved drinking water quality in Kandal Province, Cambodia. We find little differences between the payment vehicles in terms of attribute non-attendance, marginal utilities of attributes or derived welfare values. We argue that this provides support for the use of WTP in rural developing areas where there are functioning labour markets.

KeywordsChoice experiments Development Health Payment vehicles WTP WTW Risk Water Latent class Attribute non-attedance This paper has not been submitted elsewhere in identical or similar form, nor will it be during the first three months after its submission to the publisher.

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Autor: J. M. Gibson - D. Rigby - D. A. Polya - N. Russell

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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