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Brazilian Political Science Review 2016, 10 2

Autor: Marcos Paulo de Lucca-Silveira

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=394346640006


Introducción



Brazilian Political Science Review E-ISSN: 1981-3821 bpsr@bpsr.org.br Associação Brasileira de Ciência Política Brasil de Lucca-Silveira, Marcos Paulo The subject of social justice: a defence of the basic structure of society Brazilian Political Science Review, vol.
10, núm.
2, 2016, pp.
1-26 Associação Brasileira de Ciência Política São Paulo, Brasil Available in: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=394346640006 How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in redalyc.org Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative The subject of social justice: a defence of the basic structure of society* Marcos Paulo de Lucca-Silveira Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil In The Idea of Justice (2009), Amartya Sen presents an approach to justice that seeks to make comparisons based on social realizations.
This approach focuses attention both on real political-social institutions and on peoples behaviour, as well as other potential influences affecting the degree of justice existing in a given society.
The new theoretical proposal advanced by Sen (2009) differs then from the theory of justice formulated by John Rawls (1999a) and other contemporary theorists.
In the eyes of the Indian author, the theory formulated by Rawls searches for solutions to questions of perfect justice and suffers from problems of feasibility and redundancy.
In this article, I argue, centring attention on the question of the appropriate primary subject of social justice, that the critique and subsequent proposal for change of the subject of justice presented by Sen (2009) can be judged mistaken.
From a liberal-egalitarian perspective, the primary subject of social justice should be the basic structure of society as formulated by Rawls.
Hence I explore the idea that Rawlss option to focus on this subject is directly...





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