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Visualization in Engineering

, 3:17

First Online: 22 December 2015Received: 21 August 2015Accepted: 13 December 2015


BackgroundFinding the current location of a specific utility or oneself in an unfamiliar facility can be difficult and time consuming. The hypothesis tested in this paper is that using the information contained within Building Information Models BIM can increase the accuracy of indoor positioning algorithms using context-aware sensing technology. The presented work demonstrates how the integration of passive Radio Frequency Identification RFID tracking technology and Building Information Modeling BIM can assist indoor localization for potential applications in facilities management for proactive preventative maintenance.

MethodsThis paper includes 1 developing a framework that utilizes the integration of commercially-available RFID and a building information model; 2 evaluating the framework for real-time resource location tracking within an indoor environment; and 3 developing an algorithm for real-time localization and visualization in a BIM. A prototype application has been developed that simultaneously connects the RFID readers on a maintenance cart, an asset maintenance database and a BIM model. Three multilateralization approaches were compared in the system to use in the algorithm. Testing was conducted in a facility with a corridor that loops around in a rectangle.

ResultsThe goal is to have a system accuracy within 3 m. Results show that fusing BIM with multilateralization techniques for RFID technology can decrease the number of false reads by 64 % versus standalone multilateralization equations. The greatest system accuracy achieved was 1.66 m.

ConclusionsSignificantly, the results validate the hypothesis that BIM can increase indoor localization accuracy, and show the usefulness of using BIM for indoor localization in addition to real-time visualization.

KeywordsBuilding information modeling BIM Context aware information Facility management Indoor localization Radio frequency identification RFID  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Aaron M. Costin - Jochen Teizer

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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