The specificity triad: notions of disease and therapeutic specificity in biomedical reasoningReport as inadecuate

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Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine

, 9:14

First Online: 18 October 2014Received: 01 April 2014Accepted: 13 October 2014


Biomedicine is typically defined as the branch of medicine that is based on the principles of biology and biochemistry. A central tenet for biomedicine is the notion of disease and therapeutic specificity, i.e. the idea of tailored treatments for discrete disorders underpinned by specific pathologies. The present paper is concerned with how notions of disease and therapeutic specificity guide biomedical reasoning. To that end, the author proposes a model – the specificity triad – that draws on late philosopher and physician Ludwik Fleck’s concept of -style of thought- to offer a frame for investigating the intricate process through which links between disorders, mechanisms, and therapeutics are established by biomedicine. Next by applying the specificity triad model to scrutinize research efforts in two discrete areas of medicine—psychiatry and regenerative medicine—this paper seeks to stimulate pertinent discussions in and about biomedicine. These include discussions on the ambiguous epistemic status of psychiatry within contemporary biomedicine, as well as the relationship between developmental biology — historically relatively disjointed from biomedical enterprise — and the burgeoning field of regenerative medicine.

KeywordsSpecificity Style of thought Biomedicine Fleck Regenerative medicine Developmental biology Psychiatry Neuroscience Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1747-5341-9-14 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Shai Mulinari


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