Oral neutrophils are an independent marker of the systemic inflammatory response after cardiac bypassReport as inadecuate

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Journal of Inflammation

, 11:32

First Online: 18 October 2014Received: 18 November 2013Accepted: 03 October 2014


BackgroundCardiopulmonary bypass CPB is an immuno-reactive state where neutrophils are activated and accumulate in different tissues. Edema and tissue necrosis are the most common sequelae observed, predominantly in the lungs, kidneys, and heart, heralding significant risk for postoperative complications. No method exists to noninvasively assess in vivo neutrophil activity. The objective of this study was to determine if neutrophil recruitment to the oral cavity would correlate with specific biomarkers after coronary bypass surgery CPB.

MethodsWe conducted a single site prospective observational study including non-consecutive adult patients undergoing elective, on-pump CPB. Blood and either oral cavity rinses or swabs were collected pre- and post-CPB. Absolute neutrophil counts from oral samples and serum biomarkers were measured. The association between neutrophil recruitment to the oral cavity, biomarkers and outcomes after CPB were analyzed.

ResultsCPB was associated with statistically significant increases in oral and blood neutrophil counts, as well as an increase in certain biomarkers over preoperative baseline. Peripheral blood neutrophil count were increased at all time points however statistically significant differences in median oral neutrophil counts were observed only at the time point immediately postoperative, and in what seems to be two unique patient populations p < 0.001; group 1, median: 1.6×10, Interquartile range IQR, 1.1×10 - 4.8×10, and group 2, median: 1.9×10, IQR, 8.7×10 - 4.0×10.

ConclusionsCPB is associated with a transient increase in oral neutrophils that may correlate with the systemic inflammatory response; oral neutrophils may have the ability to discriminate and identify unique patient populations based on their tissue migration.

KeywordsBiomarkers Multiple organ failure Coronary bypass Critical illness Neutrophil activation Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12950-014-0032-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Mary Elizabeth Wilcox - Emmanuel Charbonney - Pablo Perez d’Empaire - Abhijit Duggal - Ruxandra Pinto - Ashkan Javid - C

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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