Direct genotyping of single pollen grains of a self-compatible mutant of Japanese pear Pyrus pyrifolia revealed inheritance of a duplicated chromosomal segment containing a second S-haplotypeReportar como inadecuado




Direct genotyping of single pollen grains of a self-compatible mutant of Japanese pear Pyrus pyrifolia revealed inheritance of a duplicated chromosomal segment containing a second S-haplotype - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Euphytica

, Volume 200, Issue 2, pp 297–304

First Online: 12 June 2014Received: 14 March 2014Accepted: 27 May 2014

Abstract

Radiation mutant 415-1, which is the first known diploid pollen-part self-compatible mutant of pears Pyrus spp., has a decreased ability to produce pollen. To determine whether the self-compatibility trait is associated with this defect, we directly analyzed the genotypes of individual pollen grains by using polymerase chain reaction amplification of DNA from single pollen grains. We isolated single pollen grains from 415-1 and succeeded in genotyping the S-RNase gene and three simple sequence repeat SSR markers in linkage group 17. Out of 173 individual pollen grains, 28 16 % were S-heteroallelic. These pollen grains had two alleles each of the S-RNase gene and of two linked SSR loci, all on a duplicated chromosomal segment, but only one allele of a non-duplicated locus farther away on the same chromosome. The segregation ratio of each marker in the pollen from 415-1 was approximately the same as that observed in outcross progeny. This suggests that the decrease in frequency of pollen with the duplicated S-haplotype occurred during meiosis or pollen formation, but that the probability of fertilization by S-heteroallelic pollen is equal to that of single-allelic pollen. However, the partial sterility in 415-1 can also be attributed to one or more unidentified lethal mutations unlinked to the duplicated segment encompassing the S-haplotype. Single-pollen genotyping can be used in a variety of applications in genetic research because in cases where all pollen genotypes are proportionately represented in the progeny, segregation ratios can be obtained without producing the next generation.

KeywordsDuplicated S-haplotype Pollen-part self-compatible mutant Pyrus pyrifolia Self-incompatibility S-heteroallelic pollen Single-pollen genotyping  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Nobuko Mase - Yutaka Sawamura - Toshiya Yamamoto - Norio Takada - Sogo Nishio - Toshihiro Saito - Hiroyuki Iketani

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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