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The European Physical Journal C

, 74:3150

First Online: 07 November 2014Received: 21 July 2014Accepted: 22 October 2014


Dark matter particles scattering off target nuclei are expected to deposit very small energies in form of nuclear recoils below 100 keV. Because of the low scintillation efficiency for nuclear recoils as compared to electron recoils, in most of the scintillating targets considered in the search for dark matter, the region below 10 keVee electron equivalent energy concentrates most of the expected dark matter signal. For this reason, very low energy threshold at or below 2 keVee and very low background are required to be competitive in the search for dark matter with such detection technique. This is the case of Annual modulation with NaI Scintillators ANAIS, which is an experiment to be carried out at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory. A good knowledge of the detector response function for real scintillation events in the active volume, a good characterization of other anomalous or noise event populations contributing in that energy range, and the development of convenient filtering procedures for the latter are mandatory in order to achieve the required low background at such a low energy. In this work we present the characteristics of different types of events observed in large size NaITl detectors, and the event-type identification techniques developed. Such techniques allow distinguishing among events associated with bulk NaI scintillation, and events related to muon interactions in the detectors or shielding, photomultiplier origin events, and analysis event fakes. We describe the specific protocols developed to build bulk scintillation events spectra from the raw data and we apply them to data obtained with one of the ANAIS prototypes, ANAIS-0. Nuclear recoil type events were also explored using data from a neutron calibration; however pulse shape cuts were found not to be effective to discriminate them from electron recoil events. The effect of the filtering procedures developed in this nuclear recoils population has been analyzed in order to properly correct cut efficiencies in dark matter analysis.

KeywordsDark matter Annual modulation  Underground physics Sodium iodide scintillators  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: C. Cuesta - J. Amaré - S. Cebrián - E. García - C. Ginestra - M. Martínez - M. A. Oliván - Y. Ortigoza - A. Ortiz 

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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