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Head and Face Medicine

, 10:48

First Online: 25 November 2014Received: 04 August 2014Accepted: 11 November 2014

Abstract

BackgroundHeadaches are probably the commonest neurological complaint worldwide. Amongst workers it contributes significantly to loss of productive time and work efficiency. It is an important cause of disability and reduced quality of life. The prevalence and pattern amongst health workers in Africa has not been extensively studied.

ObjectiveThis epidemiological sampling-based preliminary study examined the frequency and pattern of headache in a population of health workers of a tertiary hospital in Enugu, South East Nigeria.

MethodsStudy participants, recruited by balloting, completed a self-administered questionnaire to screen for headache and its associations defined as headache unrelated to fever and experienced within 6 months prior to the date the questionnaire was administered. Data analysis was by SPSS version 16. Ethical approval was obtained from the Hospital Ethical Review Committee.

ResultsOne hundred and thirty-three workers aged 18 – 70 years, were evaluated males 53.4%, n = 71 and females 46.6%, n = 62. Headache was experienced by 88% of workers with primary headaches constituting more than 70% of cases. Females were more affected in both instances. Primary and secondary headaches occurred more in younger and older workers respectively and the association was significant P <0.05. Headaches were not a significant cause of disability and loss of productivity.

ConclusionHeadaches are very prevalent in hospital workers in Enugu, Nigeria. In older workers screening for underlying causes is indicated. Disability, work absenteeism and loss of productive time are minimal despite the high headache prevalence.

KeywordsHeadache Pattern Health workers Nigeria Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1746-160X-10-48 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Ikenna Onwuekwe - Tonia Onyeka - Emmanuel Aguwa - Birinus Ezeala-Adikaibe - Oluchi Ekenze - Elias Onuora

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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