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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

, 14:388

Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Abstract

BackgroundNausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy in 50-90% of pregnant women and resolves in all but 10% of these women. Many obstetricians encounter this problem and should be familiar with the probable outcomes, current treatment options and oral health component of its management. This study assessed the awareness of obstetrics residents of the oral health component of management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy.

MethodsThis study was carried out among resident doctors in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Nigeria. A pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire was used for the data collection. The data collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science SPSS version 17.0. Non parametric analysis in the form of chi square was carried out to test for statistical significance with P value <0.05 considered statistically significant.

ResultsA total of 200 questionnaires were administered while 186 were filled and returned, giving a response rate of 93%, comprising 21.5% senior residents and 78.5% junior residents. Most of the respondents agreed that oral health is important in pregnancy. A majority 58% also thought that oral health complaints in pregnancy were not normal. Fifty-seven percent of the respondents neither assessed teeth and gums of pregnant women for problems during ante-natal care nor educated them on care that would improve their oral health. Majority 95.7% of the respondents assisted pregnant women with dealing with nausea and vomiting but were not aware of the oral health component of its management.

ConclusionOral health component in the management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy has been largely neglected in obstetric care. It is pertinent that ante-natal health care providers receive adequate education on perinatal oral health care.

KeywordsNausea Vomiting Oral health Pregnancy Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12884-014-0388-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Joan Enabulele - Louis Ibhawoh

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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