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Environmental Sciences Europe

, 26:30

First Online: 26 November 2014Received: 04 July 2014Accepted: 26 October 2014

Abstract

A combination of 20th century warfare alongside the storage of and frequent testing of munitions by various national armed forces has contributed to a legacy of unexploded ordnance, munitions, and explosives of concern MEC. The presence of such latent munitions has potentially debilitating or even fatal effects upon a generally unsuspecting stakeholders where communities may be unaware of the risks posed by buried shells, bombs, and other ordnance on both public and privately held properties. As such, various governments have undertaken differing initiatives to assess, mitigate, and manage the risks associated with these munitions. MEC remediation is generally tailored to each nation-s unique historical experience with munitions and ordnance and is highly dependent not only on the type and quantity of MEC but also on the existing or proposed land use of the parcel as well. This paper compares the MEC management efforts of the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Canada with regard to their MEC monitoring, detection, and removal methods in order to identify successful policies and procedures that can inform international MEC management.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12302-014-0030-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Igor Linkov - Benjamin D Trump - Renae Ditmer - Megan Hazle

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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