Fundamental length in quantum theories with PT-symmetric Hamiltonians II: The case of quantum graphs - High Energy Physics - TheoryReportar como inadecuado




Fundamental length in quantum theories with PT-symmetric Hamiltonians II: The case of quantum graphs - High Energy Physics - Theory - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Abstract: Manifestly non-Hermitian quantum graphs with real spectra are introduced andshown tractable as a new class of phenomenological models with severalappealing descriptive properties. For illustrative purposes, just equilateralstar-graphs are considered here in detail, with non-Hermiticities introduced byinteractions attached to the vertices. The facilitated feasibility of theanalysis of their spectra is achieved via their systematic approximativeRunge-Kutta-inspired reduction to star-shaped discrete lattices. The resultingbound-state spectra are found real in a discretization-independent interval ofcouplings. This conclusion is reinterpreted as the existence of a hiddenHermiticity of our models, i.e., as the standard and manifest Hermiticity ofthe underlying Hamiltonian in one of less usual, {\em ad hoc} representations${\cal H} j$ of the Hilbert space of states in which the inner product is localat $j=0$ or increasingly nonlocal at $j=1,2,

.$. Explicit examples ofthese of course, Hamiltonian-dependent hermitizing inner products are offeredin closed form. In this way each initial quantum graph is assigned a menu ofoptional, non-equivalent standard probabilistic interpretations exhibiting acontrolled, tunable nonlocality.



Autor: Miloslav Znojil

Fuente: https://arxiv.org/







Documentos relacionados