Cranberry proanthocyanidins have anti-biofilm properties against Pseudomonas aeruginosaReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

, 14:499

Basic research

Abstract

BackgroundBacteria within a biofilm are phenotypically more resistant to antibiotics, desiccation, and the host immune system, making it an important virulence factor for many microbes. Cranberry juice has long been used to prevent infections of the urinary tract, which are often related to biofilm formation. Recent studies have found that the A-type proanthocyanidins from cranberries have anti-biofilm properties against Escherichia coli.

MethodsUsing crystal violet biofilm staining, resazurin metabolism assays, and confocal imaging, we examined the ability of A-type proanthocyanidins PACs to disrupt the biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We used mass spectrometry to analyze the proteomic effects of PAC treatment. We also performed synergy assays and in vitro and in vivo infections to determine whether PACs, alone and in combination with gentamicin, could contribute to the killing of P. aeruginosa and the survival of cell lines and G. mellonella.

ResultsCranberry PACs reduced P. aeruginosa swarming motility. Cranberry PACs significantly disrupted the biofilm formation of P. aeruginosa. Proteomics analysis revealed significantly different proteins expressed following PAC treatment. In addition, we found that PACs potentiated the antibiotic activity of gentamicin in an in vivo model of infection using G. mellonella.

ConclusionsResults suggest that A-type proanthocyanidins may be a useful therapeutic against the biofilm-mediated infections caused by P. aeruginosa and should be further tested.

KeywordsCranberry Proanthocyanidins Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6882-14-499 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Robert K Ulrey - Stephanie M Barksdale - Weidong Zhou - Monique L van Hoek

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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