Effects of a multimodal exercise program in pedal dexterity and balance: study with Portuguese older adults of different contextsReportar como inadecuado




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European Review of Aging and Physical Activity

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 141–150

First Online: 25 April 2013Received: 27 July 2012Accepted: 01 April 2013

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of a multimodal exercise program MEP on pedal dexterity and balance in two groups of older adult participants 65–92 years of age from a psychiatric hospital center HC, a residential care home RCH, and a daily living center DLC. The experimental group EG trained three times per week for 12 months, and the control group CG maintained their normal activities. The Mini-Mental State Examination and the Modified Baecke Questionnaire, as well as the Pedal Dexterity and the Tinetti tests, were applied to all subjects before and after the experimental protocol. Furthermore, the foot preference was controlled using the Lateral Preference Questionnaire proposed by Coren 10. In the EG, the results from the Pedal Dexterity test showed that both males and females from the RCH and DLC improved their performances after the MEP. In the HC, the males slightly decreased their performance with both feet, contrarily to females. Both males and females from the CG decreased their pedal dexterity performance, namely, with the non-preferred foot. Concerning the Tinetti test, the EG of both males and females from the HC, the RCH males were better than females regarding the gender factor, and the DLC improved their balance after the MEP. In the CG, no significant effects or interactions were found for any of the context groups.

KeywordsAging Multimodal exercise program Pedal dexterity Balance The authors declare that this manuscript has never been previously published and submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. In addition, its publication has been approved by all coauthors.

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Autor: João Silva - Olga Vasconcelos - Paula Rodrigues - Joana Carvalho

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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